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Deep Brain Stimulation as a treatment option for movement disorders

Functional neurosurgery is the name given to the treatment of a wide variety of neurological conditions where the function of the nervous system is abnormal even though its structure remains normal. The treatments aim to restore normal function by stimulating the nervous system and unlike many other treatments are not destructive in nature. These treatments have the advantage of working when medical treatment (medication) has failed or indeed allowing a patient to be free of side effects of medication which in a condition such as Parkinson’s, can be very significant. Currently functional neurosurgery falls into two major categories; the treatment of abnormal movement (Movement Disorders) and the treatment of Pain (see above).