A migraine is usually a severe headache that is felt on one side of the head. Many people suffering from a migraine will also experience light sensitivity and nausea or being sick while the attack is going on.

People will usually start to suffer with migraines in early adulthood. Although this is a common condition, it is more prevalent in women than men; 1 in 5 women and 1 in 15 men.

Here are some of the different types of migraine people can experience:

  • Migraine with aura – you will experience ‘warning signs’ before the migraine starts – this could be flashing lights
  • Migraine without aura – there are no warning signs and will start suddenly; this is the most common form
  • Migraine aura without headache (silent migraine) – you will experience an aura or symptoms, however no headache pain will develop

Everyone that suffers from migraines will have a different experience. This can mean the severity and frequency; some people will have several per week whereas other will have only a few each year.

The exact cause of a migraine is unknown; however, it is thought to be linked to a change in chemicals, nerves and blood vessels in the brain. Around 50% of migraine sufferers will have a close relative that also suffers from them, which could suggest a genetic link.

Here are some of the most common causes/triggers of a migraines:

  • Stress
  • Tiredness
  • Starting a period
  • Certain foods/drinks

Unfortunately, there is no cure for migraines, however there are a number of different treatments that can be used to improve the severity of the symptoms. If you know your trigger, it is helpful to avoid this as it can reduce the number of attacks you have.

Some of the most common treatment options include:

  • Painkillers
  • Triptans
  • Anti-emetics
  • Sometimes there are surgical treatments but this depends on the type of migraine

If these treatment options are unsuccessful you may be referred to see a neurologist or neurosurgeon to go over other treatment options.

If you suffer from migraines please do contact one of our team to discuss how we can help you.

This article is intended to inform and give insight but not treat, diagnose or replace the advice of a doctor. Always seek medical advice with any questions regarding a medical condition.